energy policy

Review of solutions to global warming, air pollution, and energy security

Source: 
Energy and Environmental Science
Volume: 
2
Year: 
2009
Abstract: 

This paper reviews and ranks major proposed energy-related solutions to global warming, air pollution mortality, and energy security while considering impacts of the solutions on water supply, land use, wildlife, resource availability, reliability, thermal pollution, water pollution, nuclear proliferation, and under-nutrition. To place electricity and liquid fuel options on an equal footing, twelve combination of energy sources and vehicle type were considered. The overall rankings of the combination (from highest to lowest) were (1) wind-powered battery-electric vehicles (BEVs), (2) wind-powered hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, (3) concentrated-solar powered-BEVs, (4) geothermal-powered-BEVs, (5) tidal-powered-BEVs, (6) solar photovoltaic-powered-BEVs, (7) wave-powered-BEVs, (8) hydroelectric-powered-BEVs, (9-tie) nuclear-powered-BEVs, (9-tie) coal-with-carbon-capture-powered-BEVs, (11) corn-E85 vehicles, and (12) cellulosic-E85 vehicles. 

Author(s): 

Mark Z. Jacobson

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