Note and Disclaimer

Several federal agency officials involved in hydrokinetic energy technology regulatory processes or assessing recreation impacts reviewed draft versions of this document and provided feedback on its accuracy, completeness, and clarity.   Feedback provided by reviewers helped guide revisions, but final content is the responsibility of the authors and editors.  The document provides general information about hydrokinetic devices, permitting processes, potential recreation impacts, and ways to study and mitigate those impacts, but applications of this information will vary for specific projects and situations.  In addition, changes in statutes, rules, regulations, technologies, or understanding of recreation effect issues may occur after publication, thus requiring revisions or new interpretations of the document’s content. 

The preparation of this document was sponsored by the United States Government (Department of Energy [DOE] and National Park Service [NPS]) in cooperation with the Hydropower Reform Coalition (HRC), a coalition of more than 140 national, state and local conservation and recreation groups   The document attempts to provide complete and accurate information, but the United States Government (or any of its agencies), HRC, and Confluence Research and Consulting (CRC) do not make any warranty, express or implied, or assume any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process described or contained in this document. The information in this document does not represent a complete record of hydrokinetic licensing and permitting requirements, recreation impacts from such technologies, or studies that might be conducted to assess and evaluate such impacts.  This document is intended for general information purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice or a legal opinion.  The views and opinions of authors in this document do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Government (or its agencies) or the Hydropower Reform Coalition.